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The holy river Ganga is a major river of the Indian subcontinent rising in the Himalaya mountains and flowing about 2,525 km (1,569 miles) generally eastward through a vast plain to the Bay of Bengal. Flowing through a vast length of 2,525 Kms, it crosses five states of India namely Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. It has catchment area of 8,61,404 km2 (26.4%) of India (NMCG, 2016). Major tributaries of River Ganga are Yamuna, Ramganga, Gomti, Ghaghara, Gandak, Damodar, Kosi and Kali-East. Flowing through major cities/towns like Srinagar, Rishikesh, Haridwar, Roorkee (in Uttarakhand), Bijnor, Narora, Kannauj, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh), Patna, Bhagalpur (in Bihar) and Beharampore, Serampore, Howrah and Kolkata (in West Bengal), it drains into the Bay of Bengal.