Mandate for Noise Pollution Updated on : 12 Sep 2017

Noise is defined as unwanted sound. Sound, which pleases the listeners, is music and that which causes pain and annoyance is noise. At times, what is music for some can be noise for others.

Section 2 (a) of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 includes noise in the definition of 'air pollutant'. Section 2(a) air pollution means any solid, liquid or gaseous substance including noise present in the atmosphere such concentration as may be or tent to injurious to human beings or other living creatures or plants or property or environment.

Further, for better regulation for noise pollution, there are The Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000 under The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

The main functions of the Central Pollution Control Board
  • To advise the Central Government on any matter concerning the prevention, control and abatement of noise pollution.
  • To plan and cause to be executed a nation-wide programme for the prevention, control, and abatement of noise pollution.
  • To provide technical assistance and guidance to the State Pollution Control Board.
  • To carry out and sponsor investigations and research related to prevention, control and abatement of noise pollution.
  • To collect, compile, and publish technical and statistical data related to noise pollution; and
  • To lay down and annul standards for the quality of noise.
The main functions of the State Pollution Control Boards
  • To plan a comprehensive programme for prevention, control, and abatement of noise pollution and to secure the execution thereof;
  • To advise the State Government on any matter concerning prevention, control, and abatement of noise pollution.
  • To collect and disseminate information related to noise pollution.
  • To collaborate with Central Pollution Control Board in programme related to prevention, control, and abatement of noise pollution; and
  • To inspect noise pollution control areas, assess quality of noise and to take steps for prevention, control and abatement of noise pollution in such areas.
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